Pregnancy Gingivitis: What to Watch for During Pregnancy

March 18, 2020

Pregnancy is a crucial time to maintain oral health as it is directly related to you and your baby’s overall health. For many decades, research has shown a relationship between gingival inflammation and pregnancy. This data is significant, as dental issues among expectant mothers has been linked to premature delivery, gestational diabetes, intrauterine growth restriction and preeclampsia. That’s why, the American Dental Association recommends that all expectant mothers receive dental care and maintain good oral hygiene throughout their pregnancy.


Because of varying hormone levels, some expectant mothers will be more prone to developing oral problems. One of these is called pregnancy gingivitis, which causes increased inflammation of the gums that can cause excessive bleeding and tenderness. Because of the increased level of progesterone, gingivitis bacteria can sometimes grow more easily. And if you already have gum disease, pregnancy can make the disease worse.


The best way to prevent pregnancy gingivitis is to ramp up your oral hygiene routine, keep your gums and teeth healthy and stay in contact with your dentist throughout your pregnancy.


Pregnancy Gingivitis Tips:

  • Practice good oral hygiene
  • Brush and floss appropriately
  • Practice good nutrition
  • Do not skip exams or cleanings
  • Visit your dentist during your first trimester
  • Contact your dentist if swelling or irritation worsens


Symptoms of pregnancy gingivitis usually occur between the second and 8th month of pregnancy. If you notice more swelling and bleeding during this time, contact your dentist. To avoid more serious forms of the disease, your dentist may recommend more frequent cleanings during pregnancy.


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